Tips on Choosing Your Fishing Spoon

Spoons are, as their name suggests, shaped like spoons. They come in many different sizes, directly relating to the size of the fish that the angler anticipates catching. The most popular version of this lure is the red-and-white “daredevil,” but they are available in a wide range of colors. From its evolution as a modified eating implement with its handle snipped off, a hole drilled into the narrow end of its surface to accommodate a line, and a hook somehow attached at the other end, the spoon has been specially modified in modern times for specific uses: namely casting, jigging, and trolling.

Casting Spoons

Beginning anglers will undoubtedly assemble a basic fishing kit that contains a casting spoon of some description-usually a “daredevil” spoon that is by definition a “casting” spoon. The daredevil is white and red, but casting spoons come in a wide range of sizes and colors. Such spoons are cast like any other; the movement they make on their retrieval provides a clue to their name. They are thick, have enough heft to allow them to travel easily through the air when cast, and make a wobbling motion as they travel back toward the angler through the water as they are reeled in.

Tips

• A little bit of knowledge is a dangerous thing, especially when it comes to sharp hooks and flailing fishing rods. To avoid ripped skin and torn-out eyeballs, make sure there is plenty of room between you and everyone else around when casting from shore.

• Generally speaking, campers and hikers will want to use fleck-sized spoons with their ultralight rods and reels to catch smaller trout and fish for the frying pan. Spoons weighing in at 1/8 to 3/8 ounces are designed to snare mid-size trout, bass, and walleye. Still larger spoons ranging in the 3/4- to 2-ounce range are designed to catch lake trout and pike when trolled or cast from boat.

Jigging Spoons

The weight of jigging spoons is concentrated at the hook end of the lure, facilitating easy descent in the water. Their shape and weight also encourage them to suspend vertically and be “played” up and down by the angler at the water’s surface. One imagines the spoon moving as enticingly as a silver tray filled with appetizers at a cocktail party, dancing, if you will, in the lonely depths of a lake.

Trolling Spoons

This type of lure is lighter than most of its brethren and therefore is harder to cast than heavier spoons. The payoff when using trolling spoons is that their design allows it to move with an exaggerated motion when trolled through the water. This is one shimmery shank of metal that demands notice!
Spoonfeeding

When it comes to choosing the spoon to use, beauty is in the eye of the beholder. Anglers will encounter a range of multicolored spoons lining the aisles of their favorite fishing store. But beauty is only skin-er, so-deep. Success with a spoon depends largely on an angler’s technique in using it. And experimentation is key to successful spoon feeding.

If at first you don’t succeed, try playing spoons in different ways through the water. A slow, steady retrieval will cause a spoon to wobble gently through the water; while a fast, erratic retrieval will demand that the spoon be noticed, although such a brazen display of wanting to be eaten may scare off more timid trout and bass. And size also matters.

Spinners

You’d think we were talking about mirror balls in a discotheque by the sounds of things. A spinner is not a fancy dance move, but a name given to a range of fishing lures that spin in the water as they are reeled in. The principle is an easy one to grasp: A flat, metal sliver spins around a shaft in response to the resistance of the water it is pulled against. The movement of the spinning metal sliver catches and reflects light from the surface, and makes a vibrating noise that attracts fish. Depending on the shape of a spinner’s blade, it can move and act in different ways. A long, slender blade moves slowly compared to a wider, more elliptical blade when pulled through water at roughly the same speed. Generally speaking, you’ll need to choose between fast-spinning, slender spinners, elliptical spinners that provide “medium-action,” and round spinners that turn more slowly. But that’s not the end of the story: Spinners are often tarted up with all manner of decorations designed to attract fish in the way an exotic dancer dresses to attract attention.

Tip: Spinners are available in different sizes. The lighter, smaller versions, like spoons, are better suited to campers and hikers with their ultralight gear.

Spinners sometimes feature brass beads that contribute weight for added casting oomph and determining how far the spinner will drop in the water. A more slender spinner without any fancy doodads is more properly designed for use near the surface, and attracts fish such as pike that swim in that region. Some spinners feature what appears at first glance to be a use that some mad barber has found for hair sheared from the victim of a botched dye job: brightly colored hair covering the “treble hook” at the end of the spinner. Designs such as these incorporate brightly colored animal hair and feathers that appeal to some fish, usually larger species such as muskellunge.

Like every act of angling, experimentation is the key to success, although varying your retrieval technique with spinners will likely yield less of a dramatic result than what you’d have with spoons.

Spinnerbaits and Buzzbaits

Like spinners, spinnerbaits and buzzbaits are variations on the theme of water resistance acting on a blade of metal and causing it to move in such a way that it reflects light and makes a sound. Spinnerbaits often feature two metal blades mounted on a Y-shaped shaft. The first blade in line vibrates above the blade below it when pulled through the water. The lower blade is often decorated with plastic or rubber skirting.

Buzzbaits are designed to be pulled along the surface and raise a fair amount of commotion because of their design. These lures feature a large spinner positioned in front of colored animal hair or similar material. Especially irresistible to bass, buzzbaits can be cast into weedy and woody areas and reeled in along the water surface.

http://sites.google.com/site/carpfishingguide is a free informational website about carp fishing including choosing your carp fishing tackle, tips on carp care, carp fishing tactics and many more.

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Some Great Jewelry Collections From Thomas Sabo & Trollbeads

with changing trends the jewelry collection has also become popular among the males apart from the females. . People prefer the unusual designs and pattern every time whenever they are into purchase of these accessories. Most of the youth of this generation prefer the unique pieces which creates a style statement for them. Thomas sabo and troll beads collection is the idle option for the people who prefer unique and quality collection in jewelry.

Thomas Sabo sterling Silver collection is one of the most popular jewelry collections from the massive collection of Thomas Sabo jewelry. Many types of earrings, various deigned pendants and sterling silver charm bracelets are the most popular among the Thomas Sabo sterling silver collection. The silver collection of the Thomas Sabo jewelry which includes wide range of silver accessories such as ear rings, bracelets are enclosed in one category and named as “Thomas sabo Charm club”.

Due to the various advantages offered by these Charm silver bracelets they have gained popularity within the short span . The individuals get fascinated by the additional features offered by these bracelets . These charms are believed to bring happiness, success, romance in the lives of the individuals who wear it . Attractive look can be offered to the mobile phones, rings, neck laces by the use of the pendants which are available in four hundred and fifty varieties from the Charm hub collection . New items are also deigning every day and adding up with this huge collection.

The options of designing own jewelry pieces are offered to the customers by the Thomas sabo . The customer can create their own fashion statement by utilizing the opportunity of designing their own jewelry . The customers are provided with wide options to select their choice of jewelry from the 500 varieties made available to them apart from creating their own designs . The unique pieces of the jewelry offered by this brand makes the occasion special and memorable. This brand is not only famous for the traditional designs but also popular among the modern themes such as the Barbie and Disney themes.

Troll beads constitutes another type of jewelry collection. This famous, beautiful and very popular jewelry collection may be regarded as the fashion icon of this world. The Troll beads consists of wide variety of designs in different shapes. Neck laces,rings,bracelets which are available in different patterns are included in this range of collection. Keeping in mind the preferences of the customers this brand offers wide range of collection of jewelry apart from the above mentioned varieties.

Due to its extreme beauty and elegance look, many people think that Trollbeads are very expansive. But the matter of fact that Trollbeads are really available into your affordable price. All the necessary information regarding the troll beads can be obtained on the web sites. The online services act as the perfect medium to cater the buying and selling services apart from the home delivery.

Both the Thomas Sabo and the Trollbeads offer wide range of jewelry collectionThe collection of the jewelry displays the individuals attitude and personality . The elegant and the classy look offered by these jewelry fulfills the desires of all the customers. This wide range of collection can be obtained through the retail outlets. web sites available on online are the most convenient way of purchasing the jewelery. The online services provide the ranges of the different types of jewelry apart from various models of both Thomas Sabo and Troll beads. The individual can select their own choice of jewelry from the displayed varieties which helps in displaying the individuals personality.

Find more information on Thomas Sabo and Trollbeads.

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Some Great Jewelry Collections From Thomas Sabo & Trollbeads

with changing trends the jewelry collection has also become popular among the males apart from the females. . Every time while buying this items people look for something very different. Most of the youth of this generation prefer the unique pieces which creates a style statement for them. Thomas sabo and troll beads collection is the idle option for the people who prefer unique and quality collection in jewelry.

Thomas sabo jewelers offer the unique and attractive collection of the Thomas sabo sterling silver collection which is the acceptable y may of the customers. Many types of earrings, various deigned pendants and sterling silver charm bracelets are the most popular among the Thomas Sabo sterling silver collection. The silver collection of the Thomas Sabo jewelry which includes wide range of silver accessories such as ear rings, bracelets are enclosed in one category and named as “Thomas sabo Charm club”.

Due to the various advantages offered by these Charm silver bracelets they have gained popularity within the short span . The individuals get fascinated by the additional features offered by these bracelets . This charms can come into you life in various ways as happiness, romance, success, infatuation, romance etc . Attractive look can be offered to the mobile phones, rings, neck laces by the use of the pendants which are available in four hundred and fifty varieties from the Charm hub collection . New items are also deigning every day and adding up with this huge collection.

The options of designing own jewelry pieces are offered to the customers by the Thomas sabo . The customer can create their own fashion statement by utilizing the opportunity of designing their own jewelry . The customers are provided with wide options to select their choice of jewelry from the 500 varieties made available to them apart from creating their own designs . The unique pieces of the jewelry offered by this brand makes the occasion special and memorable. This brand is not only famous for the traditional designs but also popular among the modern themes such as the Barbie and Disney themes.

Troll beads constitutes another type of jewelry collection. This famous, beautiful and very popular jewelry collection may be regarded as the fashion icon of this world. The Troll beads consists of wide variety of designs in different shapes. Neck laces,rings,bracelets which are available in different patterns are included in this range of collection. Apart from the different types of jewelry discussed above there are numerous varieties available.

Due to its extreme beauty and elegance look, many people think that Trollbeads are very expansive. There are numerous varieties of the jewelry available which are beautiful and affordable by normal people. All the necessary information regarding the troll beads can be obtained on the web sites. The online services act as the perfect medium to cater the buying and selling services apart from the home delivery.

Whatever Thomas Sabo and Trollbeads, both are great collection of jewelry itemsThe collection of the jewelry displays the individuals attitude and personality . Their different look and touch of elegance and aristocracy is enough to satisfy your demands from them. This wide range of collection can be obtained through the retail outlets. web sites available on online are the most convenient way of purchasing the jewelery. The online services provide the ranges of the different types of jewelry apart from various models of both Thomas Sabo and Troll beads. Among them you just need to choose the right one for you which will be able to reflect your personality.

Find more information on Thomas Sabo and Trollbeads.

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Government Greenlight For Oselvar Oil Field

The Norwegian Government has approved the plans for the development of the Oselvar Field, which could result in a sharp rise in the number of drilling jobs, oil rig jobs and oil careers connected to the huge project. The Oselvar Field and further development of the enormous Troll Field in the North Sea could mean job security for hundreds of oil jobs for many years to come, with an estimated 11,000 man years needed to complete the projects.

According to the Department of Oil and Energy, the investments on these two fields will amount to a total of NOK10.3billion. Aker Solutions has been awarded an EPC contract by DONG E&P Norge to act as operator for the Oselvar Field and to deliver a subsea production system to the North Sea field development. The contract is valued at approximately NOK350million. The work is to include engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) of a four-slot template with manifold, three subsea trees, control systems, subsea wellheads and 28 kilometers of steel tube umbilicals. The sheer scale of the contract will lead to the creation of oil jobs in both downstream and upstream sectors.

The Oselvar field is expected to start producing in 2011, and reserves of the development are estimated to be around 52 million barrels. The field is located in the south west area of the North Sea at approximately 70 meters water depth. The subsea production system will be tied back to the BP-operated Ula platform, 23 kilometres from Oselvar. A similar EPC contract for the Trym field was signed between Aker Solutions and DONG E&P Norge earlier this year and the Oselvar job is a contract option to the Trym agreement. The contract is subject to Norwegian government approval of the plan for development and operation, but currently optimism is high that this approval will be granted and the exploration of one of the North Sea’s biggest oil and gas reserves can begin.

Aker Solutions are delighted to be chosen as DONG E&P Norge’s partners and are planning on using their extensive knowledge of the North Sea and production methods best suited to that particularly demanding environment to ensure that the project is delivered on time and is successful in maximizing production from the field. The creation of a number of jobs throughout the industry – from design and development through to drilling and other rig-based jobs will ensure that the industry has a plentiful supply of jobs for a whole range of workers for many years to come.

The use of subsea production equipment is designed to operate without any hindrance to the extensive trawler fishing grounds in the area, ensuring that the fishing industry faces minimum impact from the development of the field. The project is to be managed from Aker Solution’s headquarters in Oslo and the subsea equipment will be manufactured at their Norwegian facilities at Tranby, Moss and Egersund. This will also ensure that Norway’s heavy engineering and manufacturing industries benefit from the development of the Oselvar field and guarantee jobs within these industries as well as within the oil and gas industry. The go ahead for the Oselvar field is a boon for oil jobs and will ensure that the North Sea continues to produce high quality oil and gas for many years to come.

Duncan freer – Director – Oil and Gas Jobs Search is a job site dedicated to candidates & recruiters in the Oil and Gas industry. An online service that is effective in terms of cost and ease of use for a range of drilling jobs, oil careers & oil rig jobs
Contacts For interviews, images or comments contact:
Duncan Freer
Email: duncan@thejobsearchgroup.com

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WoW Horde Guide

The following WoW Horde guide will introduce the 5 races that make up the Horde, one of two warring factions in World of Warcraft.

The five races that make up the Horde faction are the Blood Elves, Orcs, Tauren, Trolls and the Undead. Each race of course has its own strengths and weaknesses so choose carefully.

Warcraft Horde Guide- 5 Races

Blood Elves:
After the destruction of their kingdom in the Third War by the Scourge the High Elves became known as the Blood Elves.

Hawkstrider is the mount for Blood Elves and can be bought at Silvermoon City in Thuron’s Livery. As far as classes, many Blood Elves happen to belong to the Mage and Warlock class and even the Warrior and Hunter classes.

Orcs:
Orcs have a long tradition as Warriors and this in turn is seen in many of their characteristics. For instance they specialize in wielding axes and fight with brute strength. So if this is your playing style then the Orc may be a good match. As an Orc you can belong to the Death Knight, Hunter, Rogue, Shaman, Warlock, and Warrior classes. Worgs, large wolves, serve as the Orcs’ mount.

Tauren:
If your play style favors combat, then another great choice is the Tauren. Thats because not only are they incredibly strong but have great stamina in battle.

One really cool ability of Taurens is called War Stomp. This allows them to communicate with spirits which in turn shake the very Earth and stun their enemies.

The Tauren’s mount choice is limited given their huge size. The Kodo which is a large reptile is one.
Taurens can be Druids, Shamans, Hunters, Warriors, and Death Knights.

Trolls:
The least common race in all of Warcraft are the Trolls. Like the Orcs, their great in combat. Specializing in Throwing Spears, they can also go into Berserker state which gives them spell casting ability and makes their attack speed faster.

Trolls can be Priests, Rogues, Warriors, Mages, Hunters, and Shamans. Raptors serve as the Troll’s mount.

Undead:
Finally the Undead, also known as Forsaken, can belong to the Death Knight, Mage, Priest, Rogue, Warlock, and Warrior classes. Skeletal Horses serve them as their mount. Two cool things about the Undead is that they don’t breathe so they can stay underwater and they can also gain strength by eating the flesh of other races.

Read more about the Horde in the WoW Horde Guide.

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Are you starting a career in Internet Marketing PHP developer?

 

My half of the decade, plus an online marketer, I’ve seen its share of problems. DDoS attack (Distributed Denial of Service), viruses, forums are full of trolls, software that does not work as advertised, tools that come without documents, and even less real support. What is a stationary weapons that are driving me through it all My rock? It was my PHP developer.
 
“What is a PHP programmer, and why I need one?” freshly minted Internet marketers can ask. PHP is an acronym that describes the type of coding language used almost exclusively for the Web server environment, known as Hypertext Preprocessor. Do not ask me why this is not a HE … can Hewlett-Packard had something to do with it? sound better or PHP … FUN in Santa Monica, CA – POP (Pacific Ocean Park), as the old amusement park …
 
PHP is a rival of Microsoft’s server scripting languages such as ASP and. NET Framework. Since PHP is open source development cycle is global, and going crazy pace. It is not only relatively easy to learn. It is cheap (free) and teaching tools, textbooks and development libraries installed base is as broad as the worldwide developer community.
 
Unless you really want to walk down the road less traveled, and with object-oriented programming OOPL language), for example, ROR: Ruby on Rails, just find yourself a great PHP developer can effectively communicate and settle a long and profitable ride.
 
Two awards of my own, I discovered the creator of the creator’s way of thinking, often lack: Graphics Marketing skills and understanding of the logic and tactics. If your builder “stick figures fall, you might want to keep looking. If you mention the phrase 2TAS, a short two-tier affiliate system), and they look at you that you’re from some other planet, it might be time to move on.
 
Another critical skill really know how to have your way with MySQL databases. PHP is just a set of instructions to manipulate data within the database. Both databases are funny animals. Get someone who is not afraid of them. Someone who can make them DANCE. When these skills are your marketing team gets a reliable member of the roadblocks to success simply melt away. Internet morphs into infinite possibilities, rather than a nightmare, just waiting to happen. Your web sites, their weapons, their tactics: to collect all the steps … often size.
 
Last warning: you get what you pay for! Get someone who speaks their native language. If your project is back with all the database tables, prepared by the Greek or Russian, to keep them in-house or with a new developer would be impossible, or at least prohibitively expensive.
 
Here are a few things that I would like to share:
 
First Use PHP core functions and classes
 
During a routine task, chances are that it is in PHP function or class that can be used in your job. Check the PHP manual before coding it manually. You can just use the trim () function to remove the frame, rather than build from scratch “option!
 
Second Create a configuration file
 
Instead, the dissemination of your database connection settings are scattered everywhere, creating one master file that contains common settings and use them in PHP. Using the config file also noticed that many use and which makes your code modular and easy to maintain.
 
Third Always Clear data that will go into the database
 
Sanitizing your database inputs are very important. One has to have a good understanding of SQL injection actually is, and learn more about SQL injection attacks and SQL injection cheat sheet.
 
There is a PHP function that can clean up the database for you: mysql_real_escape_string. mysql_real_escape_string
 
The feature will be a regular line and sanitize it for you. If you use this function with htmlspecialchars, it makes some, HTML characters, and thus protect your database and your app from a cross-site scripting attacks.
 
4th Leave Error Reporting is on enlargement
 
When designing your application, it is necessary to leave the PHP developer error_reporting and display_errors is on, which can facilitate his or her run-time errors and to identify them.
 
The reason is simple, you know, mistakes crop up faster than expected, and chances are that you can fix them quickly. After the construction of turn this feature off and then set their values as it is ready for production.
 
5th Do not over-comment your code
 
Proper documentation of observations to support the code is good, but not comment on how good the code is of course most of the times. Blog commenting your code and make a unstructured search for error fixing the task daunting.
 
6th Keep your Key Code Snippets Handy
 
Sometimes you need some code snippets that can come in handy more than once during his career. Keep it always saves a lot of time. Most of the IDE such as Eclipse and Dreamweaver has the ability to store code snippets. Using a program like Dropbox will do the needful!
 
 
 
 

 

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Hot pandora jewelry for graceful Old hen

That is a pandora beads good concept that goes for your Victorian instances when making drops thanks to newspaper was a preferred past-time. Their sheer quantity of astragal materials used indicate that you can get one-of-a-kind searching necklaces. Unique variations of kinds troll string of beads that you are able create an enormous number of several combining.

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Single Phase Electric Motor: Life-line of Innovative Machinery

Today you can hardly find a home and office without electronic devices to perform different activities. No doubt, various electronic and electrical devices have become the major part of human life. But, do you know that these devices are useless without electric motor. However, there are different types of electric motors, but single phase electric motor is considered as the most useful motor used for different types of machines.

Depending on the type of device in which the motor is used, single phase electric motor is available in different power loads such as 1 HP to 3 HP and more. No doubt, there are a number of advantages of these motors. Large starting rotor torque, high efficiency, low noise and vibration, high reliability, excellent performance, etc., are some of the main advantages of these motors.

In addition to this, a single phase electric motor is also known for low maintenance and better productivity. It can be used for a number of purposes and machineries. Metal cutting machines, water pumps, transportation machineries, puddle mixer, agricultural machinery, foodstuff machineries, fan, boilers, etc., are some of the machines and tools for them it is used.

However, it is also vital to keep in mind that the motor should not be used the machines that contain explosive, corrosive gas, inflammable, etc. If the motor is used for such things, then proper care and instructions of engineers are vital. One of the major advantages of the motor is that it is also suitable for low voltage conditions.

Today, these motors are also available in different forms like shaded pole, split-phase, capacitor start, wound rotor, two valve capacitor, permanent split capacitor and the list goes on. With the increasing use of  innovative and sensitive electronic and electrical equipments, the demand of single phase electric motor has also increased to a great level to keep the devices running.

For motors, it is a lifeline that keep them activate. However, in new machines, these motors come automatic installed, but people also prefer to buy them for a number of other purposes. Now, you can also buy them online as there are a number of online stores offering these machines online at cost-effective price tags.

Beatson.co.uk is an E-commerce store, selling a huge range of Electric motors, Single Phase Electric motor, Industrial fans as well as Motor Rewinds and Electric Motors Repair with the best customer services.

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Motor Rewinds Make the Motor Workable Again

Electric motor plays a major roll in human life today by keeping different types of electronic and electrical devices running. Today, there are different types of motors available in the market including single phase electric motor. But, like other equipments, they may also require repairing or rewinding because of various problems that may occur any time. However, proper maintenance and well care can also increase the life cycle of motors to a great level.

There are different reasons and causes when motor rewinding is required. However, excess heat or winding cut are considered as two main reasons of motor rewinding. In case of excess heat, the insulation is damaged and electricity starts passing from winding to winding. There are also a number of cases when motor rewinds is not necessary such as bearing replacement, balancing, and the list goes on.

So, it is also vital to keep some essential points in mind before motor rewinding. It is also vital to keep in mind that rewinding the motor is not an easy task as it requires help of professional hands. Motor rewinding work should be done very carefully as a very small mistake during the rewinding can also turn into a big loss.

For the overall productivity and long life of motor, proper maintenance and rewinding(if required) is necessary. Whether it is AC/DC electric motor, water and oil pumps, crane and hoist motor, pool pumps, and the list goes. Sometimes, electric motor rewinding is also required because of power problems as such problems can damage motors.

Service providers who are involved in different electric motor related services leave no stone unturned in providing you complete services. They have well equipped workshop that are ready to quote for your motor rewinds, machining, dynamic balancing, mechanical repairing, industrial fan and motor repair, fan impeller replacement and the list goes on.

In order to get your motor rewind or for motor repairing, all you need to do is simply search over the internet and start searching the right service provider. Most of the motor rewind and repairing service providers offer on-site service as per your requirement.

Beatson.co.uk is an E-commerce store, selling a huge range of Electric motors, Single Phase Electric motor, Industrial fans as well as Motor Rewinds and Electric Motors Repair with the best customer services.

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Strong Patents Can Foil Litigation

Some 100 patent lawsuits reach the courtroom every year and around 40 percent of them result in patents being invalidated. Not only do these cases drain hundreds of millions of dollars from the economy, but they cost the litigants quite a bit, too–more than a million dollars a pop, on average.

Needless to say, most innovators–save for, maybe, patent trolls–would like to avoid becoming a data point for those statistics. One way to do that is by making your patent application as strong as possible.

At one time, innovators could be confident they had a strong patent if the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office approved it. While USPTO approval is still a strong endorsement of a patent, with patent approval times averaging more than 32 months and an application backlog of 750,000, the quality of patent review at the office has slipped in recent years.

“With the USPTO approving tons of bad patents, and the courts all too often siding with the patent holder and expanding what’s patentable, combined with people who have done nothing getting hundreds of millions just for holding a piece of paper, is it really any surprise that the incentive structure would push people to file for as many bogus patents as possible, in hopes of getting them through the obviously questionable process?” ragged one blogger.

According to federal law, to qualify for a patent an invention should be novel, non-obvious and have utility. In addition, the patent application should disclose enough detail to allow a person skilled in the applicant’s field to build the invention.

Determining if an invention is novel and non-obvious is done through what’s called “prior art.” Prior art is documentation that the claims in a patent application were disclosed prior to its filing.

Although a survey of prior art is essential for creating a strong patent. Not only does it ensure that the claims in a patent are indeed novel and non-obvious, but it can help inventors remove ambiguity from their claims. Vaguely worded claims that are too abstract and broad in scope are lightening rods for litigators.

“Obvious patents, another type of low-quality patent, are a problem because large numbers of obvious patents make clearance difficult and costly, leading indirectly to litigation,” wrote James Bessen and Michael James Meur in Patent Failure: How Judges, Bureaucrats, and Lawyers Put Innovators at Risk. Patent, published in 2008 by Princeton University Press.

“Patents that are of low quality because they are vaguely worded, overly abstract, of uncertain scope, or that contain strategically hidden claims can also directly induce litigation,” the authors added.

By and large, constructing claims narrowly creates stronger patents. They can help insulate a patent from litigation and prevent it from stepping on existing patents or what’s already in the public domain.

Litigation can be a daunting prospect for an inventor. As academics Bronwyn H. Hall, Stuart J. H. Graham, Dietmar Harhoff, and David C. Mowery observed in their journal article entitled Prospects for Improving U.S. Patent Quality via Post-grant Opposition:

“Uncertainty about the validity of a patent has several potential costs: such uncertainty may cause the patent holder to under invest in the technology, it could reduce investment by potential competitors in competing technical advances, and it may lead to costly litigation after both the holder and potential competitors have sunk sizable investments.”

Nevertheless, with diligence and attention to detail, the uncertainty cast on the patent process by litigation, although never eliminated, can be ameliorated.

John P. Mello Jr. is a practicing attorney for patent protection. For more information on Patent Litigation you can visit General Patent at http://www.generalpatent.com

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